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Ancient Cities

The ancient Laodicea city, located 6 km north of Denizli province, was built in the south of Lykos river on a very convenient location geographically. The city is mostly named as “Laodicea on the banks of Lykos” in the ancient resources. However, according to other resources, the city was built by Antiochus II between 261-263 B.C. and the it was named after Antiochus’s wife Laodice. 


Located 40 km away from Denizli Center, Buldan district was established on the shoulders between Yenicekent town and Menderes River. Tripolis is located between the Lydian cities and although it was firstly established at time of Lydians, the ruins on the surface show architectural properties and construction samples of Roma and Byzantium periods.




Located in 18 km north of Denizli, Hierapolis ancient city to be named as “Holy City” in the Archaeology literature originates from the presence of many temples and religious structures in the city. Whether or not the city was located in the former geographical region remains controversial. Hierapolis is located between various historical regions surrounding it with its geographical location. Ancient geographers Strabo and Ptolemy assert that Hierapolis was a Phrygian city with its location close to Laodicea and Tripolis cities bordering to Caria region. There is no information in the ancient resources about the name of the city before the Hellenistic period. We know from the Mother Goddess cult that there was life in the city before it was named as Hierapolis.

Although the information about the establishment of the city is limited, it is known that it was established by Eumenes II, one of the Pergamon Kings, in 2nd Century B.C. and was named as Hierapolis after the Amazons’ Queen Hiera, wife of Telephos, the legendary founder of Pergamon.

Hierapolis kept its original texture adhering to Hellenistic urbanization principles until the large earthquake in the period of Nero, the Roman Emperor (60 A.C.). The city, which is located on the earthquake zone, was damaged largely by the earthquake in the Nero period and renewed completely. Following these successive earthquakes, the city lost its Hellenistic qualification and became a typical Roman city. Hierapolis became a very important center also in the Byzantium period following the Roman period. This importance arises from being the Christianity center as from the 4th Century A.C. St. Phillip, one of the apostles of Jesus, to be killed here in 80 A.C.. Hierapolis was conquered by the Turks by the end of the 12th Century.